YARN Resource Management
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Enabling CGroups

CGroups is a Linux kernel feature. CGroups is supported on the following Linux operating systems:

  • CentOS 6.9, 7.3

  • RHEL 6.9, 7.3

  • SUSE 12

  • Ubuntu 16

At this time there is no CGroups equivalent for Windows. CGroups are not enabled by default on HDP. CGroups require that the HDP cluster be Kerberos enabled.


The yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.cgroups.mount property must be set to false. Setting this value to true is not currently supported.

Enable CGroups

The following commands must be run on every reboot of the NodeManager hosts to set up the CGroup hierarchy. Note that operating systems use different mount points for the CGroup interface. Replace /sys/fs/cgroup with your operating system equivalent.

mkdir -p /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/hadoop-yarn
chown -R yarn /sys/fs/cgroup/cpu/hadoop-yarn
mkdir -p /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/hadoop-yarn
chown -R yarn /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/hadoop-yarn
mkdir -p /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/hadoop-yarn
chown -R yarn /sys/fs/cgroup/blkio/hadoop-yarn
mkdir -p /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls/hadoop-yarn
chown -R yarn /sys/fs/cgroup/net_cls/hadoop-yarn

To enable CGroups on an Ambari cluster, select YARN > Configs, then click CPU Isolation under CPU. As noted previously, CGroups should be enabled along with CPU Scheduling.

On a non-Ambari cluster, set the following properties in the /etc/hadoop/conf/yarn-site.xml file on the ResourceManager and NodeManager hosts.

Property: yarn.nodemanager.container-executor.class

Value: org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.nodemanager.LinuxContainerExecutor



Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.group

Value: hadoop



Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.resources-handler.class

Value: org.apache.hadoop.yarn.server.nodemanager.util.CgroupsLCEResourcesHandler



Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.cgroups.hierarchy

Value: /yarn



Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.cgroups.mount

Value: false



Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.cgroups.mount-path

Value: /sys/fs/cgroup



Set the Percentage of CPU used by YARN

Set the percentage of CPU that can be allocated for YARN containers. In most cases, the default value of 100% should be used. If you have another process that needs to run on a node that also requires CPU resources, you can lower the percentage of CPU allocated to YARN to free up resources for the other process.

Property: yarn.nodemanager.resource.percentage-physical-cpu-limit

Value: 100



Set Flexible or Strict CPU limits

CPU jobs are constrained with CPU scheduling and CGroups enabled, but by default these are flexible limits. If spare CPU cycles are available, containers are allowed to exceed the CPU limits set for them. With flexible limits, the amount of CPU resources available for containers to use can vary based on cluster usage -- the amount of CPU available in the cluster at any given time.

You can use CGroups to set strict limits on CPU usage. When strict limits are enabled, each process receives only the amount of CPU resources it requests. With strict limits, a CPU process will receive the same amount of cluster resources every time it runs.

Strict limits are not enabled (set to false) by default. To enable strict CPU limits, set the following property to true.

Property: yarn.nodemanager.linux-container-executor.cgroups.strict-resource-usage

Value: true



Irrespective of whether this property is true or false, at no point will total container CPU usage exceed the limit set in yarn.nodemanager.resource.percentage-physical-cpu-limit.