YARN Resource Management
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Deployment Considerations

Memory Considerations for Running One Component on a Node

You can adjust the amount of memory given to a component to achieve mutual exclusion of components, depending upon the NodeManager configuration on each node. Typically all nodes have the same value independent of the actual memory.

Assuming the memory capacity for each NodeManager is known (yarn.nodemanager.resource.memory-mb), you can configure the component to ask for 51% (basically more than half) of the maximum capacity. You also need to ensure that the maximum possible memory allocation (yarn.scheduler.maximum-allocation-mb) allows that value.

For example, if yarn.nodemanager.resource.memory-mb = yarn.scheduler.maximum-allocation-mb = 2048 Set yarn.memory = 1280 for the ACCUMULO_MASTER and ACCUMULO_TSERVER properties in the resources.json file.

Then in the appConfig.json file, set the ACCUMULO_MASTER and ACCUMULO_TSERVER heap sizes (including the ACCUMULO_TSERVER off-heap memory properties, if native maps are enabled) to be 256 MB less than the memory requested for the YARN containers to allow for the agent memory consumption -- the agent should not use more than 100 MB, but you can assume that it consumes ~256 MB. So you can set the ACCUMULO_MASTER and ACCUMULO_TSERVER variables for memory limit to fit within 1024 MB.

Log Aggregation

Log aggregation is specified in the yarn-site.xml file. The yarn.log-aggregation-enable property enables log aggregation for running applications. If a monitoring interval is also set, it will aggregate logs while an application is running, with the specified interval. The minimum i nterval is 3600 seconds.



Log aggregation is specified in the global section of resources.json:

 "global": { 
           "yarn.log.include.patterns": "", 
           "yarn.log.exclude.patterns": ""

If yarn.log.include.patterns is empty, all container logs are included. You can specify the name(s) of log files (for example, agent.log) that you do not want to aggregate using yarn.log.exclude.patterns.

The aggregated logs are stored in the HDFS /app-logs/ directory. The following command can be used to retrieve the logs:

yarn logs -applicationId <app_id>

Reserving Nodes for Accumulo

You can use YARN node labels to reserve cluster nodes for applications and their components. You could use node labels to reserve cluster nodes for Accumulo to ensure that ACCUMULO_MASTER and ACCUMULO_TSERVER provide a consistent performance level.

Node labels are specified with the yarn.label.expression property. If no label is specified, only non-labeled nodes are used when allocating containers for component instances.

A brief summary is that you could label particular YARN nodes for Accumulo, say with labels “accumulo1” and “accumulo1_master”, and create a separate queue for assigning containers to these nodes. To use these labeled nodes, you would add yarn.label.expression parameters to the Accumulo components in your resources.json file (including the slider-appmaster), e.g. "yarn.label.expression": "accumulo1_master". When you run the slider create command for your Accumulo cluster, you would add the parameter “--queue <queue_name>”.

Configuring Accumulo for SSL

Accumulo can be configured to use SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) for its internal RPC communications, and its monitor web UI can also be configured to use SSL. The Slider Accumulo application package is set up to use the same SSL certs for both, although the features can be enabled independently.

The SSL certificates must be provided. To distribute the certificates in HDFS, upload them to the directory specified in “site.global.ssl_cert_dir” (by default, /user/<user name>/ssl). There should be a truststore.jks file and a .jks file for each host named <hostname>.jks. You must add the passwords for the certificates to the credential provider by adding them to the list in the “credentials” section of the appConfig.json file as shown below. To turn on SSL, set the Accumulo SSL properties below to true. To turn on https for the monitor UI, change the monitor_protocol to https.

The properties are as follows:

"global": { 
     "site.global.ssl_cert_dir": "ssl", 
     "site.global.monitor_protocol": "http", 
     "site.accumulo-site.instance.rpc.ssl.enabled": "false", 
     "site.accumulo-site.instance.rpc.ssl.clientAuth": "false",
  "credentials": { 
     "jceks://hdfs/user/${USER}/accumulo-${CLUSTER_NAME}.jceks": ["root.initial.password", "instance.secret", "trace.token.property.password"]

Change these to:

"global": { 
     "site.global.ssl_cert_dir": "ssl", 
     "site.global.monitor_protocol": "https", 
     "site.accumulo-site.instance.rpc.ssl.enabled": "true", 
     "site.accumulo-site.instance.rpc.ssl.clientAuth": "true",
   "credentials": { 
      "jceks://hdfs/user/${USER}/accumulo-${CLUSTER_NAME}.jceks": ["root.initial.password", "instance.secret", "trace.token.property.password", "rpc.javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword", "rpc.javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword", "monitor.ssl.keyStorePassword", "monitor.ssl.trustStorePassword"]

If you would like to distribute the certs yourself rather than through HDFS, simply set the following properties to the locations of the .jks files in the local files ystem (the keystore file should have the same name on all hosts for this configuration).

"global": {
   "site.accumulo-site.rpc.javax.net.ssl.keyStore": "<keystore file>",
   "site.accumulo-site.rpc.javax.net.ssl.trustStore": "<truststore file>",

If clientAuth is enabled, you must have a client.conf file in your client Accumulo conf directory, or a .accumulo/config file in your home directory. Your keystore.jks and truststore.jks SSL certs for the client can be placed in an ssl directory in the Accumulo conf directory (or their locations can be specified by also specifying the rpc.javax.net.ssl.keyStore and rpc.javax.net.ssl.trustStore properties). If the client user is the same user that created the Accumulo cluster, it can use the same credential provider as the app, jceks://hdfs/user/<user name>/accumulo-<cluster name>.jceks, but otherwise the client user will have to create their own credential provider using the hadoop credential command. The user must set the credential provider in their client.conf file, and make sure the specified credential provider contains the rpc.javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword and rpc.javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword.

A client.conf file for the Accumulo instance can be retrieved with the following command:

slider registry --getconf client --name <cluster name> --format properties --dest <path to local client.conf>

Building Accumulo Native Libraries

Accumulo performs better when it uses a native in-memory map for newly written data. To build the native libraries for your system, perform the following steps to add them to your application package. Then set the “site.accumulo-site.tserver.memory.maps.native.enabled” property to true in your appConfig.json file, and be sure to adjust the ACCUMULO_TSERVER heapsize parameter so that it no longer includes the tserver.memory.maps.max memory.

unzip <app package name>.zip package/files/accumulo*gz
cd package/files/
gunzip accumulo-<version>-bin.tar.gz
tar xvf accumulo-<version>-bin.tar
tar uvf accumulo-<version>-bin.tar accumulo-<version>
rm -rf accumulo-<version>
gzip accumulo-<version>-bin.tar
cd ../../
zip <app package name>.zip -r package
rm -rf package