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Special Requirements for High Availability Environments

In a High Availability (HA) environment, the primary and secondary NameNodes must be configured as described in the HDP System Administration Guide.

To enable Ranger in the HDFS HA environment, the HDFS plugin must be set up in each NameNode, and then pointed to the same HDFS service set up in the Security Manager. Any policies created within that HDFS service are automatically synchronized to the primary and secondary NameNodes through the installed Apache Ranger plugin. That way, if the primary NameNode fails, the secondary NameNode takes over and the Ranger plugin at that NameNode begins to enforce the same policies for access control.

When creating the service, you must include the property, and it must be set to the full host name of the primary NameNode. If the primary NameNode fails during policy creation, you can then temporarily use the of the secondary NameNode in the service details to enable directory lookup for policy creation.

If, while the primary NameNode is down, you wish to create new policies, there is a slight difference in user experience when specifying the resource path. If everything is normal, this is a drop-down menu with selectable paths; however, if your cluster is running from the failover node, there will be no drop-down menu, and you will need to manually enter the path.

Primary NameNode failure does not affect the actual policy enforcement. In this setup for HA, access control is enforced during primary NameNode failure by the Ranger plugs at the secondary NameNodes.

For Test Connection to be successful for HBase and HDFS in a Ranger HA environment, complete the following: In /etc/ranger/admin, create a symbolic link between hbase-site.xml and hdfs-site.xml:

cd /etc/ranger/admin
ln -s /etc/hadoop/conf/hdfs-site.xml hdfs-site.xml
ln -s /etc/hbase/conf/hbase-site.xml hbase-site.xml