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Configuration Best Practices

If you are running on Linux, consider these best practices. Typical Linux defaults are not necessarily well tuned for the needs of an IO intensive application like NiFi. For all of these areas, your distribution's requirements may vary. Use these sections as advice, but consult your distribution-specific documentation for how best to achieve these recommendations.

Maximum File Handles

NiFi will at any one time potentially have a very large number of file handles open. Increase the limits by editing /etc/security/limits.conf to add something like

*  hard  nofile  50000
*  soft  nofile  50000
Maximum Forked Processes

NiFi may be configured to generate a significant number of threads. To increase the allowable number edit /etc/security/limits.conf

*  hard  nproc  10000
*  soft  nproc  10000

And your distribution may require an edit to /etc/security/limits.d/90-nproc.conf by adding

*  soft  nproc  10000
Increase the number of TCP socket ports available

This is particularly important if your flow will be setting up and tearing down a large number of sockets in small period of time.

sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range="10000 65000"
Set how long sockets stay in a TIMED_WAIT state when closed

You don't want your sockets to sit and linger too long given that you want to be able to quickly setup and teardown new sockets. It is a good idea to read more about it but to adjust do something like

sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.netfilter.ip_conntrack_tcp_timeout_time_wait="1"
Tell Linux you never want NiFi to swap

Swapping is fantastic for some applications. It isn't good for something like NiFi that always wants to be running. To tell Linux you'd like swapping off you can edit /etc/sysctl.conf to add the following line

vm.swappiness = 0

For the partitions handling the various NiFi repos turn off things like atime. Doing so can cause a surprising bump in throughput. Edit the /etc/fstab file and for the partition(s) of interest add the noatime option.